The use of ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma injections in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis: a systematic review of the literature. Ali M, Mohamed A, Ahmed HE, Malviya A, Atchia I. J Ultrason. 2018;18(75):332-337.

Single intra-articular platelet-rich plasma versus corticosteroid injections in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a cohort study. Barman A, Mukherjee S, Sahoo J, Maity R, Rao PB, Sinha MK, Sahoo D, Tripathy S, Patro BK, Bag NDAm J Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 Jan 23

Short term effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma in carpal tunnel syndrome: A controlled study. Özçakar L, Kaymak B, Kara M, Akinci A, Güven SCJ Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2019 Feb 1.

Platelet-rich plasma ultrasound-guided injection in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: A placebo-controlled clinical study. Malahias MA, Nikolaou VS, Johnson EO, Kaseta MK, Kazas ST, Babis GC. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2018 Mar;12(3):e1480-e1488.

Intra-articular Autologous Conditioned Plasma Injections Provide Safe and Efficacious Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis: An FDA-Sanctioned, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial. Smith PA. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Apr;44(4):884-91. doi: 10.1177/0363546515624678. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Intra-articular platelet-rich plasma injections for knee osteoarthritis: An overview of systematic reviews and risk of bias considerations. Xing D, Wang B, Zhang W, Yang Z, Hou Y, Chen Y, Lin J. Int J Rheum Dis. 2017 Nov;20(11):1612-1630. doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.13233. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

A Prospective Study Comparing Platelet-Rich Plasma and Local Anesthetic (LA)/Corticosteroid in Intra-Articular Injection for the Treatment of Lumbar Facet Joint Syndrome. Wu J, Zhou J, Liu C, Zhang J, Xiong W, Lv Y, Liu R, Wang R, Du Z, Zhang G, Liu Q. Pain Pract. 2017 Sep;17(7):914-924.

A New Technique for the Treatment of Lumbar Facet Joint Syndrome Using Intra-articular Injection with Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma. Wu J, Du Z, Lv Y, Zhang J, Xiong W, Wang R, Liu R, Zhang G, Liu Q. Pain Physician. 2016 Nov-Dec;19(8):617-625.

Steroid vs. Platelet-Rich Plasma in Ultrasound-Guided Sacroiliac Joint Injection for Chronic Low Back Pain. Singla V, Batra YK, Bharti N, Goni VG, Marwaha N. Pain Pract. 2017 Jul;17(6):782-791

Safety and Efficacy of Intra-articular Injection of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Patients With AnkleOsteoarthritis. Fukawa T, Yamaguchi S, Akatsu Y, Yamamoto Y, Akagi R, Sasho T. Foot Ankle Int. 2017 Jun;38(6):596-604

Conservative Treatment of Ankle Osteoarthritis: Can Platelet-Rich Plasma Effectively Postpone Surgery? Repetto I, Biti B, Cerruti P, Trentini R, Felli L. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 Mar – Apr;56(2):362-365

Treatment of Early Hip Osteoarthritis: Ultrasound-Guided Platelet Rich Plasma versus Hyaluronic Acid Injections in a Randomized Clinical Trial. Doria C, Mosele GR, Caggiari G, Puddu L, Ciurlia E. Joints. 2017 Aug 11;5(3):152-155.

Ultrasound-Guided Injection of Platelet-Rich Plasma and Hyaluronic Acid, Separately and in Combination, for Hip Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Study. Dallari D, Stagni C, Rani N, Sabbioni G, Pelotti P, Torricelli P, Tschon M, Giavaresi G. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Mar;44(3):664-7

Choice of intra-articular injection in treatment of knee osteoarthritis: platelet-rich plasma, hyaluronic acid or ozone options. Duymus TM, Mutlu S, Dernek B, Komur B, Aydogmus S, Kesiktas FN. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2017 Feb;25(2):485-492

Nonsurgical Treatments of Patellar Tendinopathy: Multiple Injections of Platelet-Rich Plasma Are a Suitable Option: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Andriolo L, Altamura SA, Reale D, Candrian C, Zaffagnini S, Filardo G. Am J Sports Med. 2018 Mar 1:363546518759674. doi: 10.1177/0363546518759674. [Epub ahead of print]

Clinical outcomes are associated with changes in ultrasonographic structural appearance after platelet-rich plasma treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Ahmad HS, Farrag SE, Okasha AE, Kadry AO, Ata TB, Monir AA, Shady I. Int J Rheum Dis. 2018 May;21(5):960-966.

Platelet-rich plasma injection in the treatment of frozen shoulder: A randomized controlled trial with 6-month follow-up
. Lin J. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2018 Jun 22.

ACP_Tendo (Collplants)


First clinical experience with a new injectable recombinant human collagen scaffold combined with autologous platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of lateral epicondylar tendinopathy (tennis elbow). Farkash U, Avisar E, Volk I, Slevin O, Shohat N, El Haj M, Dolev E, Ashraf E, Luria S. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2018 Nov 26. pii: S1058-2746(18)30697-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2018.09.007. [Epub ahead of print]

Electrolysis (EPI)


Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part I: biology, biomechanics, anatomy and an exercise-based approach. Abat F, Alfredson H, Cucchiarini M, Madry H, Marmotti A, Mouton C, Oliveira JM, Pereira H, Peretti GM, Romero-Rodriguez D, Spang C, Stephen J, van Bergen CJA, de Girolamo L. J Exp Orthop. 2017 Dec;4(1):18.

Randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of the ultrasound-guided galvanic electrolysis technique (USGET) versus conventional electro-physiotherapeutic treatment on patellar tendinopathy. Abat F, Sánchez-Sánchez JL, Martín-Nogueras AM, Calvo-Arenillas JI, Yajeya J, Méndez-Sánchez R, Monllau JC, Gelber PE. J Exp Orthop. 2016 Dec;3(1):34.

Therapeutic results after ultrasound-guided intratissue percutaneous electrolysis (EPI®) in the treatment of rectus abdominis-related groin pain in professional footballers: a pilot study. Moreno C, Mattiussi G, Núñez FJ. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2016 Oct;56(10):1171-1178.

An experimental study of muscular injury repair in a mouse model of notexin-induced lesion with EPI® technique. Abat F, Valles SL, Gelber PE, Polidori F, Jorda A, García-Herreros S, Monllau JC, Sanchez-Ibáñez JM. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2015 Apr 17;7:7.

Effectiveness of the Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (EPI®) technique and isoinertial eccentric exercise in the treatment of patellar tendinopathy at two years follow-up. Abat F, Diesel WJ, Gelber PE, Polidori F, Monllau JC, Sanchez-Ibañez JM. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014 Jul 14;4(2):188-93

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis in chronic lateral epicondylitis: short-term and long-term results. Valera-Garrido F, Minaya-Muñoz F, Medina-Mirapeix F. Acupunct Med. 2014 Dec;32(6):446-54

Gepulseerde Radiofrequente denervatie (PRF)


Efficacy of ultrasound-guided suprascapular nerve block treatment in patients with painful hemiplegic shoulder. Aydın T, Şen Eİ, Yardımcı MY, Kesiktaş FN, Öneş K, Paker N. Neurol Sci. 2019 Feb 9

Effects of ultrasound-guided suprascapular nerve pulsed radiofrequency on chronic shoulder pain. Ergonenc T, Beyaz SG. Med Ultrason. 2018 Dec 8;20(4):461-466. doi: 10.11152/mu-1543.

Ultrasound-Guided Pulsed Radiofrequency for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Single-Blinded Randomized Controlled Study. Chen LC, Ho CW, Sun CH, Lee JT, Li TY, Shih FM, Wu YT. PLoS One. 2015 Jun 12;10(6)

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Suprascapular Nerve Block With Physical Therapy, Placebo, and Intra-Articular Injection in Management of Chronic Shoulder Pain: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Chang KV, Hung CY, Wu WT, Han DS, Yang RS, Lin CP. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Aug;97(8):1366-80.

Ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency stimulation of the suprascapular nerve for adhesive capsulitis: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Wu YT, Ho CW, Chen YL, Li TY, Lee KC, Chen LC. Anesth Analg. 2014 Sep;119(3):686-92.

Effect of pulsed radiofrequency neuromodulation on clinical improvements in the patients of chronic intractable shoulder pain. Jang JS, Choi HJ, Kang SH, Yang JS, Lee JJ, Hwang SM. J Korean Neurosurg Soc. 2013 Dec;54(6):507-10

Radiofrequency Procedures to Relieve Chronic Knee Pain: An Evidence-Based Narrative Review. Bhatia A, Peng P, Cohen SP. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Jul-Aug;41(4):501-10.

Ultrasound-Guided Genicular Nerve Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment For Painful KneeOsteoarthritis: A Preliminary Report. Kesikburun S, Yaşar E, Uran A, Adigüzel E, Yilmaz B. Pain Physician. 2016 Jul;19(5):E751-9.

Pulsed radiofrequency of the composite nerve supply to the knee joint as a new technique for relieving osteoarthritic pain: a preliminary report. Vas L, Pai R, Khandagale N, Pattnaik M. Pain Physician. 2014 Nov-Dec;17(6):493-506.

Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome: management challenges. Chrona E, Kostopanagiotou G, Damigos D, Batistaki C. J Pain Res. 2017 Jan 13;10:145-156

Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES). Scheltinga MR, Roumen RM. Hernia. 2017 Dec 21

Pulsed radiofrequency or anterior neurectomy for anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome(ACNES) (the PULSE trial): study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. Maatman RC, Steegers MAH, Boelens OBA, Lim TC, van den Berg HJ, van den Heuvel SAS, Scheltinga MRM, Roumen RMH. Trials. 2017 Aug 2;18(1):362.



Needle aspiration of calcific deposits (NACD) for calcific tendinitis is safe and effective: Six months follow-up of clinical results and complications in a series of 431 patients. Oudelaar BW, Schepers-Bok R, Ooms EM, Huis In ‘t Veld R, Vochteloo AJ. Eur J Radiol. 2016 Apr;85(4):689-94.

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy, ultrasound-guided percutaneous lavage, corticosteroid injection and combined treatment for the treatment of rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy: a network meta-analysis of RCTs. Arirachakaran A, Boonard M, Yamaphai S, Prommahachai A, Kesprayura S, Kongtharvonskul J. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2017 Apr;27(3):381-390.

Ultrasound-guided barbotage for calcific tendonitis of the shoulder: a systematic review including 908 patients. Gatt DL, Charalambous CP. Arthroscopy. 2014 Sep;30(9):1166-72.



A Systematic Review of Dextrose Prolotherapy for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. Hauser RA, Lackner JB, Steilen-Matias D, Harris DK. Clin Med Insights Arthritis Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Jul 7;9:139-59

Microperforation prolotherapy: a novel method for successful nonsurgical treatment of atraumatic spontaneous anterior sternoclavicular subluxation, with an illustrative case. Stein A, McAleer S, Hinz M. Open Access J Sports Med. 2011 Jun

High-Volume injectie


Effectiveness of dry needling and highvolume imageguided injection in the management of chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy in adult population: a literature review. Chaudhry FA. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2017 May;27(4):441-448. doi: 10.1007/s00590-017-1957-1. Epub 2017 Apr 19. Review.

A Comparison of Two Different HighVolume ImageGuided Injection Procedures for Patients With Chronic Noninsertional Achilles Tendinopathy: A Pragmatic Retrospective Cohort Study. Wheeler PC, Mahadevan D, Bhatt R, Bhatia M. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016 Sep-Oct;55(5):976-9.

HighVolume ImageGuided Injection for Recalcitrant Patellar Tendinopathy in Athletes. Maffulli N, Del Buono A, Oliva F, Testa V, Capasso G, Maffulli G. Clin J Sport Med. 2016 Jan;26(1):12-6.

High volume imageguided Injections for patellar tendinopathy: a combined retrospective and prospective case series. Morton S, Chan O, King J, Perry D, Crisp T, Maffulli N, Morrissey D. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2014 Jul 14;4(2):214-9



Revisiting the continuum model of tendon pathology: what is its merit in clinical practice and research? Cook JL, Rio E, Purdam CR, Docking SI. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Oct;50(19):1187-91. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095422. Epub 2016 Apr 28. Review.

Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part I: biology, biomechanics, anatomy and an exercise-based approach. Abat F, Alfredson H, Cucchiarini M, Madry H, Marmotti A, Mouton C, Oliveira JM, Pereira H, Peretti GM, Romero-Rodriguez D, Spang C, Stephen J, van Bergen CJA, de Girolamo L. J Exp Orthop. 2017 Dec;4(1):18.

Efficacy and safety of hyaluronic acid (500-730kDa) Ultrasound-guided injections on painful tendinopathies: a prospective, open label, clinical study. Fogli M, Giordan N, Mazzoni G. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2017 Sep 18;7(2):388-395.